Prescription Sedatives

  • Barbiturates - This class of drugs is linked to the group of sedative-hypnotics that are central nervous system depressants. These medicines cause drowsiness and are generally prescribed for patients with sleep disorders, and are used as a calming effect for other mental illnesses. Due to their side effects and risk of dependence, they have largely been replaced with other medicines called tranquilizers.
  • Pentobarbital (Nembutal) – Nembutal is a barbiturate that works like a sedative or depressant and is used to treat insomnia short-term. It is also used as an emergency treatment for seizures.
  • Reds – This name is based off the color of Tuinal pills, another pentobarbital. Also called rainbows or blues.
  • Tooies – This is a slang term for Tuinal.
  • Phenobarbital (Luminal) – Luminal is used for short-term treatment of sleeplessness, anxiety relief, tension alleviation, and treatment of certain types of seizures. It works by depressing the central nervous system.
  • Barbs – This is a shortened term for barbiturates and a name used on the street.
  • Phennies – Phennies is a slang name for Phenazepam, a benzodiazepine drug that comes in 0.5 mg or 1 mg pills. It is a strong, long-lasting drug and it’s not recommended to intake more than 10 mg a day.
  • Red Birds – Seconal tablets are a type of barbiturate that are called red birds or red devils.
  • Yellow Jackets or yellows – Nembutal pills are known as yellow jackets. Nembutal is a common pentobarbital.

Benzodiazepines Addiction

  • This group of medicine is termed central nervous system depressants. Benzodiazepines are medically used to relieve anxiety, treat insomnia, and help relax muscles or relieve muscle spasms. They are also sometimes given as an anaesthetic before surgery. However, the medications may be habit forming, especially when taken for a long time. These prescription sedatives can be very addictive in nature.
    • Alprazolam (Xanax) – This short-acting drug comes as a tablet and is used to alleviate panic disorders, treat anxiety disorders, and may be used to treat depression. It is not safely approved for children.
    • Chlorodiazepoxide (Librium) – An anxiety relief tablet that comes in tablets of 5 mg, 10 mg, or 25 mg of chlorodiazepoxide, Librium comes available for oral administration and is used to manage symptoms associated with anxiety disorders.
    • Diazepam (Valium) – This benzodiazepine is a longer-acting drug available in tablet or liquid form. It is not approved for panic disorder, but may be used to treat anxiety seizures, muscle spasms, and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal.
    • Lorazepam (Ativan) – This is a benzodiazepine that is used for anti-anxiety and to treat insomnia, epilepsy, irritable bowel syndrome, and agitation caused by alcohol withdrawal.
    • Triazolam (Halcion) – This is an ultra-short acting sleeping pill used to get one initially to sleep. It is used to treat insomnia symptoms and affects chemicals in the brain that have become unbalanced. Treatment with Halcion is limited to short periods of 1 to 2 weeks or less.
    • Candy – This is a street name for benzodiazepines based off their behaviour forming nature.
    • Downers – Benzodiazepines are often called downers because of the effect of calm that overcomes the user, and also the depressant nature of the drug.
    • Sleeping Pills – Sleeping pills are any type of pill that promotes falling and staying asleep. They are typically prescribed for anxiety treatment and the alleviation of insomnia.
    • Tranks – This is an informal term for tranquilizers.

Sleep Medication Abuse

  • Eszopiclone (Lunesta) – Lunesta helps people to fall asleep quickly, but don’t take it unless you are already able to get a full night’s rest as it could cause grogginess. It comes in standard doses of 1mg.
  • Zaleplon (Sonata) – Sonata is a sleeping pill that stays active for a very short amount of time. Recommended if you are still awake at 2am, but not if you have a habit of waking up during the night.
  • Zolpidem (Ambien) – this medicine works to help you get to sleep as a short term treatment of insomnia. Ambien is an extended-release version to help keep you asleep.
  • R2, Roche – R2, or Roche, stands for Valium 2 mg.
  • Mexican Valium – This is another name for Rohypnol. It is marketed in Mexico, South America, Europe, and Asia. It used to be available as an over-the-counter drug in Mexico, but certain restrictions have been set up so that Mexican pharmacies now require a prescription.
  • Forget-me Pill – This is a slang name for Rohypnol; used because abusers literally “forget” events after intake.
  • Roofies – Common street term used to describe Rohypnol or any other sedative that causes blackout or unconsciousness.
  • Roofinol /Rope/Rophies – Informal terms typically used when referring to the Rohypnol sedative. Rohypnol is swallowed as a pill, dissolved in a drink, or snorted.

Prescription sedatives are harmful to the body when abused. If you or someone you know is addicted to these prescription drugs, contact a professional like IntoTreatment today.

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